Master of Science Program
Educational and Training Systems Design

Highly visualized and dynamical cartography web-bases materials for geography department, Cantho University, Vietnam

by Tran Ha TP
(Msc Thesis)

Graduation Committee:
Prof. dr. J. Moonen
Dr. ir. R. Min

Enschede, The Netherlands
University of Twente
Faculty of Educational Science and Technology
August, 2002

Chapter 1. Problem description and analysis
Chapter 2. Design Approach
Chapter 3. Technical Approach
Chapter 4. Evaluation
Chapter 5. Conclusion and recommendations
(incl. appendices)


Teaching at Cantho University (Geography Department) is currently facing a number of challenging developments. Teaching time limit is not balanced to the pressure of information explosion. Students have to adhere to tight study program to graduate in fix allowed time. On the other hand, due to the Government Policy about free tuition for students enrolling the Educational university, the number of student population is rapidly increasing in recent years, the more number of enrollments the higher requirements of school resource support. However, budgets for Education are always under constant pressure and far less to the studentsí demands. In response to these developments, school searches for improvement in methodology of teaching and technology that make teaching and learning more efficient and effective. In among of various forms, ICT (Information and Communication Technology), CBT (Computer-Based Training), e-learning, telematics and so on are deployed and in which Web-Based Training (WBT) is introduced since it can bring many benefits and create a learning environment that could not exit before. The implementation of Web-Based Training (WBT) contributes several promises, however, it also faces many problems currently. This paper will analyze the teaching and learning context of the Geography Department to carry out whether the Web based training could be successfully implemented or not. Its aim is also to discover what the possibilities and potentials of the WBT are in the context of Cantho University. Then, the paper will discuss techniques how to design a best practice interactive web site with animation and simulation for Web Cartography together with several prototypes as an example for applying Web-based training at the Department.


In recent years, we have witnessed a great number of using ICT in higher education. It can be predicted that information technology would play an important role, or become a powerful tool in the process of teaching and learning. Multimedia based curriculum materials can enhance and improve learnerís motivation, cooperation, active learning, and transfer of learning.

Considering the current usefulness of the multimedia based curriculum materials in the learner-centered environment the web-based material has been designed. Then, we try to apply animation and simulation to the web site to bring it more attractive and easier gain studentsí attention. This means that every component of the instruction is governed by the learning outcomes, which have been determined after a thorough analysis of the learnerís needs.

This paper has been logically arranged for purposes of well structure and simplicity. The construction of a Web-based material like any technical or instructional design can be broken down into 5 steps: analysis, design, implementation, evaluation and maintenance. As a result, the thesis is also organized so that the chapter will follow these steps. The research focuses mainly on the design approaches as well as the technique have been using in the Web course. The structure of the thesis is as :

Generally, the guiding question for this thesis is how can an interactive multimedia software product with animation, simulation, maps, graphs, and audio contribute effectiveness to teaching Cartography in higher education.


Over the time I spent working with the thesis, I had the privilege of meeting and working with many individuals from all around the world. Finally, the thesis is completed, I dearly extend my thanks to each of you. I wish I could write better sentences to show my gratitude to:

Hopefully, this research will fulfil its aims to give a significant contribution to implementation at the Cantho University.



Chapter 1: Problem description and analysis

1.1 Problem description;
1.2 Organizational context analysis;
1.2.1 Teacher characteristics;
1.2.2 Analysis the curricula;
1.2.3 Analysis the instructional materials, classes and facilities;
1.2.4 Target group analysis;

Chapter 2: Design Approach;

2.1. Introduction;
2.1.1 Geography department desired the web site;
2.1.2 Advantages of the web site;
2.2 Background of designing web-based materials;
2.2.1 Design structure;
2.2.2 Design process;
2.3 Instructional strategy decisions;
2.3.1 Chunks;
2.3.2 Content;
2.3.3 Examples;
2.3.4 Practice;
2.4 Design approach;
2.4.1 Media selection (dimensions);
2.4.2 Input devices;
2.4.3 Asking questions and getting feedback;
2.4.4 Interactivity;

Chapter 3: Technical Approach;

3.1 Introduction;
3.1.1 World wide web;
3.1.2 Tools;
3.2. Basic techniques;
3.2.1 HTML;
3.2.2 Flash;
3.2.3 Java;
3.2.4 JavaScript;
3.2.5 JavaScript and Java-applets;
3.2.6 ActionScript in Flash;
3.2.7 DHTML;
3.2.8 ArcView and Flash;
3.2.9 VRML and Cosmo Worlds;

Chapter 4: Evaluation;

4.1 Introduction;
4.2 Respondent evaluation;
4.3 Evaluation methods and instruments;
4.3.1 Expert evaluation;
4.3.2 Student evaluation;
4.4 Evaluation procedure;
4.5 Data analysis;
4.5.1 Expert data analysis;
4.5.2 Student data analysis;
4.6 Discussion;
4.6.1 Expert evaluation discussion;
4.6.2 Student evaluation discussion;
4.7 Conclusion;

Chapter 5: Conclusion and recommendations;

Appendice 1: Expert questionnaire evaluation;
Appendice 2: Student questionnaire evaluation;



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Enschede, sept. 10, 2002